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Beginnings Hip Hop

Hip-hop has actually progressed from the days of the basement showdowns to big business in the music industry. In the seventies and eighties, the pioneers and innovators of the rap record was the DJ. He was the guy who utilized his turntable to create fresh noises with old records. Then, he ended up being the man who blended these familiar breaks with synthesizers to produce entirely new beats. Not much has actually altered in that element of hip-hop. The individual who produces the beat is still the heart of the track. Now, we call him the producer. Even though some DJs work as manufacturers along with DJs (fairly a few start out as DJs prior to they end up being manufacturers), today's title "DJ" doesn't lug the exact same connotative meaning it performed in the eighties. Today's hip-hop manufacturer performs the very same tasks as the eighty's DJ.


As a DJ, Kool Herc spun rhythm and blues records to kindly his celebration crowd. When he performed his duties as a DJ, he extended the breaks by making use of multiple copies of the very same records. More and more DJs used two and four line rhymes and anecdotes to get their audiences involved and hyped at these parties.

In the seventies and eighties, the pioneers and innovators of the rap record was the DJ. Even though some DJs work as manufacturers as well as DJs (fairly a couple of start out as DJs before they become manufacturers), today's title "DJ" does not lug the same connotative meaning it did in the eighties.

The Beginnings of hip-hop can be traced back as far as the ancient tribes in Africa. Rap has been compared with the chants, drumbeats and foot-stomping African tribes performed prior to wars, the births of children, and the deaths of kings and elders. Historians have reached even more back than the accepted origins of hip-hop. It was born as we understand it today in the Bronx, cradled and supported by the youth in the low-income locations of New York City.

Fast-forward from the tribes of Africa to the ghettos of Kingston, Jamaica in the late sixties. The impoverished of Kingston collected together in groups to form DJ corporations. They spun roots and culture records and communicated with the audience over the music. At the time, the DJ's remarks weren't as essential as the quality of the stereo and its ability to obtain the crowd moving. Kool Herc grew up in this neighborhood prior to he relocated to the Bronx.

Throughout the late sixties, reggae had not been popular with New Yorkers. As a DJ, Kool Herc spun rhythm and blues records to please his party crowd. But, he needed to include his personal touch. During the breaks, Herc began to talk to his audience as he had learned to perform in Jamaica. He called out, the audience reacted, and then he pumped the volume back up on the record. This call and response strategy was nothing new to this community who 'd been reared in Baptist and Methodist churches where call and response was a technique used by the speakers to get the congregation involved. Historians compare it to the call and response performed by Jazz musicians and was very much a part of the culture of Jazz music during the renaissance in Harlem.

Herc's DJ style caught on. His party's grew in popularity. He began to buy multiple copies of the same albums. When he performed his duties as a DJ, he extended the breaks by using multiple copies of the same records. He chatted, as it is called in dancehall, with his audience for longer and longer periods.

Others copied Herc's style. Soon a friendly battle ensued between New York DJs. They all learned the technique of using break beats. Herc stepped up the game by giving shout-outs to people who were in attendance at the parties and coming up with his signature call and best hip hop response. Other DJs responded by rhyming with their words when they spoke to the audience. More and more DJs used two and four line rhymes and anecdotes to get their audiences involved and hyped at these parties.

One day, Herc passed the microphone over to two of his friends. He took care of the turn table and allowed his buddies to keep the crowd hyped with chants, rhymes and anecdotes while he extended the breaks of different songs indefinitely. This was the birth of rap as we know it.

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